The French government has triggered the controversial Article 49.3 in an attempt to pass the reform of the retirement law, after weeks of protests in Paris.
Article 49.3 is a constitutional provision that allows the Prime Minister to force through legislation without parliamentary approval.
In this case, the government feared that their retirement reform bill would not pass without using this tool.
However, the opposition has the option to counterattack with a motion of censure to challenge the government’s decision.
This motion must be submitted within 24 hours and receive an absolute majority in the National Assembly, which is unlikely.
Although the 49.3 is seen as a controversial tool, it has been used in the past as a “joker” to overcome legislative deadlock.
Critics argue that it suppresses debate and deprives MPs of their vote, but supporters claim that it is a necessary tool to get things done.